PLACE for ACTOR Structures: Event Agent Construction and Communicative Effects

Abstract : Forty years ago, R. Jakobson (1963: 66) underlined the deep affinity that exists between realism and metonymy. Metonymy leaves the rhetoric domain and serves to build the world and its events and to facilitate access to information. Metonymy becomes “a way to see the world”. Later on, cognitive linguistics developed the A stands for B model (G. Lakoff & M. Johnson, 1985), according to which metonymy is a matter of words and conceptualization that permits to switch reference from one to another, by virtue of an Idealized Cognitive Model (ICM) and background cultural conditions. A PLACE stands for an INSTITUTION, CONTAINER for CONTAINED, CONTROLLER for CONTROLLED, PART for the WHOLE and vice-versa. The notion of natural metonymy is forged. Natural metonymies are spontaneous in many discursive places like everyday communication, news, specialized discourse, etc. Statements like Les Etats-Unis ont frappé l’Afghanistan, L’Uruguay laisse flotter son peso, etc. are very common in news discourse3. All of them may be interpreted in terms of A stands for B structures (infra). Is this a simple denominative tool or is it ideology? Is it simplification or reference complexity? The Idealized Model has no answer to these questions. What I aim to do in this paper is precisely to offer an account of metonymy as being halfway between lexical cognitive tool and a newspaper device. It is an attempt to describe a conceptual model in discourse, and thus to bring discursive supports to the functioning of the country-name based metonymy.
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https://hal-univ-paris3.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-01465647
Contributeur : Georgeta Cislaru <>
Soumis le : lundi 13 février 2017 - 00:52:29
Dernière modification le : jeudi 7 février 2019 - 17:09:17

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Georgeta Cislaru. PLACE for ACTOR Structures: Event Agent Construction and Communicative Effects. Kultura narodov Prichernomoria , Simpferopol University, 2003, pp.74-81. ⟨hal-01465647⟩

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