M. Abrams, London: The London Press Exchange, 1959. Adorno, Theodor. The Culture Industry: Selected Essays On Mass Culture, 1991.

T. Adorno and M. Horkheimer, Everyday Makers and Expert Citizens: Active Participants in the Search for a New Governance, Janet Newman. Remaking Governance: Peoples, Politics and the Public Sphere, pp.159-179, 2005.

S. Batchelor, A. Fraser, L. L. , N. Ling, and L. Whittaker, Young People Re-Generating Politics in Times of Crises. Book series: Young People and Politics, 2017.

A. Bennett, Sub Cultures or Neo tribes? Rethinking the Relationship between Youth, Style and Musical Taste, Sociology, vol.33, issue.3, pp.599-617, 1999.

B. Bergero, The Sociology of Leisure: Some Suggestions, Industrial Relations: A Journal of Economy and Society, vol.1, issue.2, pp.31-45, 1962.

J. ;. Bessant and S. Blackman, Youth Subcultural Theory. A Critical Engagement with the Concept, its Origins and Politics, from the Chicago School to Post Modernism, Democracy Bytes. New Media, New Politics and Political Change, vol.8, pp.1-20, 2005.

M. Brake, The Sociology of Youth Culture and Youth Subcultures. London: Routledge, 1980.

P. Braud and . Sociologie-politique, Librairie générale de droit et de jurisprudence (LGDJ), 2016.

A. Brayham, Never Stop Improving: The Complexity and Contradictions of DIY Home Renovating as a Serious Leisure Pursuit, vol.38, pp.88-99, 2015.

, British Election Study (BES), 2015.

, Digital Generations: Children, Young People, and the New Media. London and New York: Routledge, 2013.

, Youth Cultures in the Age of Global Media, 2014.

A. Campbell, P. Converse, W. Miller, and D. Stokes, The American Voter, Chicago: U. of Chicago P, 1980.

J. Clarke and C. Critcher, The Devil Makes Work: Leisure in Capitalist Britain. Champaign: U. of Illinois P, 1985.

S. Cohen, Folk Devils and Moral Panics, Spreading Protest. Social Movements in Times of Crisis. Colchester: European Consortium for Political Research, 1972.

J. Dumazedier, Towards a Sociology of Leisure. London: Macmillan, 1967. Durkheim, Émile. Les Formes élémentaires de la vie religieuse. Le syste?me tote?mique en Australie, 1912.

S. Pickard, Politically Engaged Leisure, The Elementary Forms of the Religious Life, p.13, 1915.
URL : https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-02514497

S. Elkington and R. Stebbins, The Serious Leisure Perspective. An Introduction. London and New York: Routledge, 2014. Fox, Stuart. Apathy, Alienation and Young People: The Political Engagement of British Millennials, 2015.

J. Fulcher and J. Scott, Performative Activism: Intersections of Global and Local Cultures among National Minority Youth, Youth and Young Adulthood. New Perspectives and Agendas. London: Routledge, 2009. Furlong, Andy. Youth Studies. London: Routledge, 2012. Gallant, Nicole, 2011.

M. Grasso, People Re-Generating Politics in Times of Crises. Book series: Young People and Politics, 2017.

, Resistance Through Rituals, 1976.

D. Harris, Work and Leisure in Higher Education, British Journal of Sociology of Education, vol.33, issue.1, pp.115-132

D. Hebdige, Sub-Culture: The Meaning of Style, 1979.

S. Henderson and K. Spracklen, From Serious Leisure to Serious Work, or, When Folk Music Struck a Chord: Habermasian Rationality and Agency, Leisure/Loisir, vol.38, issue.3-4, pp.207-224, 2014.

L. Hendry, Growing Up and Going Out, Young People's Leisure and Lifestyles. London and, 1983.

M. Henn and N. Foard, Young People and Politics in Britain, Sociology Review, vol.23, issue.4, pp.18-22, 2014.

M. Henn, M. Weinstein, and D. Wring, Alienation and Youth in Britain. Democracy and Participation, pp.196-217, 2003.

D. Hesmondhalgh, Subcultures, Scenes or Tribes? None of the Above, Journal of Youth Studies, vol.8, issue.1, pp.21-40, 2005.

K. Hetherington, Expressions of Identity: Space, Performance, Politics. London: Sage, 1998.

H. Hopkins, The New Look: A Social History of the Forties and Fifties in Britain. London: Secker & Warburg, 1963.

S. Hunt and R. Benford, Collective Identity, Solidarity and Commitment, The Blackwell Companion to Social Movements, pp.433-457, 2004.

J. M. Jasper, The Emotions of Protest: Affective and Reactive Emotions in and Around Social Movements, Sociological Forum, vol.13, issue.3, pp.397-424, 1998.

O. Jones, The Tory Policy for Young People in Britain is Victimisation by Design, The Guardian, vol.12, 2017.

R. Keen and V. Apostolova, Membership of UK Political Parties. Briefing Paper. Number SN05125, 28 March. London: House of Commons Library, 2017.

C. Kerr, J. Dunlop, F. Harbison, and C. Myers, Industrialism and Industrial Man. The Problems of Labor and Management in Economic Growth, 1960.

B. Klandermans, The Demand and Supply of Participation: Social-Psychological Correlates of Participation in Social Movements, The Blackwell Companion to Social Movements, pp.360-379, 2004.

I. Lamond and K. Spracklen, Protests as Events. Politics, Activism and Leisure, 2015.

I. Lamond, C. Kilbride, and K. Spracklen, The Construction of Contested Public Spheres. Discourses of Protest and Identity in a British Campaigning Organization, Protests as Events. Politics, Activism and Leisure, pp.21-40, 2015.

G. Latzko-toth, M. Pastinelli, and N. Gallant, Pratiques informationnelles des jeunes Québécois à l'ère des Médias Sociaux: le cas du Printemps érable, Recherches Sociographiques, LVIII, issue.1, pp.43-64, 2017.

. Lee, K. Sunwoo, D. Mcmahan, and . Scott, The Gendered Nature of Serious Birdwatching, Human Dimensions of Wildlife, vol.20, issue.1, pp.47-64, 2015.

B. Loader, A. Vromen, and M. A. Xenos, The Networked Young Citizen. Social Media, Political Participation and Civic Engagement, 2014.

L. Lockstone-binney, K. Holmes, K. Smith, and T. Baum, Volunteers and Volunteering in Leisure: Social Science Perspectives, Leisure Studies, vol.29, issue.4, pp.435-455, 2010.

M. Maffesoli, The Time of the Tribes: The Decline of Individualism in Mass Society. London: Sage. Translated by Don Smith, 1988.

H. Mair, Civil Leisure? Exploring the Relationship between Leisure, Activism and Social Change, Leisure / Loisir, vol.27, issue.3-4, pp.213-237, 2002.

D. Marsh, T. O. Toole, and S. Jones, Young People and Politics in the UK. Apathy or Alienation?, 2007.

Z. Moir, Popular Music Making and Young People: Leisure, Education and Industry, pp.223-240, 2017.

A. Muxel, Avoir 20 ans en politique, 2010.
URL : https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-01392771

S. Parker, Working for Peace as Serious Leisure, The Sociology of Leisure. London: Allen Unwin, vol.13, pp.1-11, 1971.

T. Parsons, Age and Sex in the Social Structure of the United States, American Sociological Review, vol.7, issue.2, pp.604-616

E. Phelps, Young Citizens and Changing Electoral Turnout, The Political Quarterly, vol.3, issue.57, pp.238-248, 1964.

S. Pickard, Politically Engaged Leisure, Public Engagement and Shared Communities, p.15, 2017.
URL : https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-02514497

E. Phelps, Young Voters at the 2005 British General Election, The Political Quarterly, vol.4, issue.76, pp.482-487, 2005.

S. ;. Pickard and . La-jeunesse-en-grande-bretagne, The Youth Vote and Electoral Communication in the UK and the USA, 1944.

. Grande-bretagne, . Etats-unis, and . Paris:-l'harmattan, Productive Protest? The Contested Higher Education Reforms in England under the Coalition Government, pp.107-127, 2009.

, Finding the Gaps, Minding the Gaps, Filling the Gaps: Cross-disciplinary Studies of Young People and Political Participation, Democracy, Participation and Contestation: Civil Society, Governance and the Future of Liberal Democracy. London and New York: Routledge, vol.20, pp.115-137, 2014.

S. Pickard and J. Bessant, Young People Re-Generating Politics in Times of Crises. Book series: Young people and politics, 2017.
URL : https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-02514510

M. Pirie and R. Worcester, The Millennial Generation, 1998.

M. ;. Prensky and A. Puddephatt, Serious Leisure: A Perspective for Our Time (book review), Canadian Journal of Sociology Online, vol.9, issue.5, 2001.

R. Putnam, Bowling Alone. The Collapse and Revival of American Community, 2000.

J. Raisborough, Gender and Serious Leisure Careers: A Case Study of Women Sea Cadets, Journal of Leisure Research, vol.39, issue.4, pp.686-704, 2007.

R. Rapoport and R. Rapoport, Four Themes in the Sociology of Leisure, The British Journal of Sociology, vol.25, issue.2, pp.215-229, 1974.

R. Rapoport and R. Rapoport, with Ziona Strelitz. Leisure and the Family Life Cycle. London and New York: Routledge and Kegan Paul, 1975.

K. ;. Roberts and C. Rojek, Leisure Theory: Retrospect and Prospect, The Labour of Leisure: The Culture of Free Time. London: Sage, 2010. Scraton, Sheila and Bramham, vol.20, pp.383-400, 1995.

T. Shildrick and R. Macdonald, In Defence of Subculture: Young People, Leisure and Social Division, Journal of Youth Studies, vol.9, issue.2, pp.125-140, 2006.

K. Spracklen, The Meaning and Purpose of Leisure. Habermas and Leisure at the End of Modernity, 2009.

R. Stebbins and . Amateurs, A Contextual Analysis of the Idea of Serious Leisure: A Study in the Sociology of Knowledge, Between Work and Leisure: The Common Ground of Two Separate Worlds, vol.25, pp.305-309, 1979.

S. Pickard, Politically Engaged Leisure, Public Engagement and Shared Communities, p.17, 2017.
URL : https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-02514497

R. Stebbins, Leisure Music Production: Its Spaces and Places, pp.347-362, 2017.

C. Van-de-velde, The 'Indignados': The Reasons for Outrage, Cités, issue.3, pp.283-287, 2011.

T. Veblen, The Theory of the Leisure Class. An Economic Study of Institutions, Modern Library, p.1912