Entre judaïsme rabbinique et judaïsme synagogal : la figure du patriarche

Abstract : This article deals with the well-known but still problematic subject of the Jewish patriarch (nasi). It includes a clear and synthetic presentation of the sources and main interpretations, particularly in the form of tables, making it easier to compare them. It is above all based on a new hypothesis: the patriarch, who was at first the leader of the rabbinic movement, became eventually the leader of the dominant Palestinian Judaism, that is to say synagogal Judaism. The tensions between rabbis and patriarchs as well as their relation with Hellenism take on a new meaning within the framework of this hypothesis. Comparing rabbinic sources with the other ones brings a marked contrast to light: in the rabbinic sources, the patriarch essentially interacts with the rabbis, and has only few connections with the synagogue, whereas in the other sources, there is almost no mention of the rabbis, and the Theodosian Code describes the patriarch as the head leader of the whole synagogal net- work. Last but not least, his attempts to approach priests, which become perceptible from Rabbi Yehuda ha-nasi, appear as an important step in the process leading from rabbinic patriarch to synagogal patriarch.
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https://hal-univ-paris3.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-01469668
Contributeur : José Costa <>
Soumis le : jeudi 16 février 2017 - 16:21:17
Dernière modification le : mercredi 12 septembre 2018 - 14:14:14

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  • HAL Id : hal-01469668, version 1

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José Costa. Entre judaïsme rabbinique et judaïsme synagogal : la figure du patriarche . Judaïsme ancien/Ancient Judaism, Brepols, 2013, 1, pp.63-128. ⟨hal-01469668⟩

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