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Éthique et esthétique du Bloomsbury Group : la communauté à l'oeuvre chez Roger Fry, Clive Bell, E.M. Forster et Virginia Woolf

Abstract : This PhD thesis examines the relationship between the Bloomsbury Group’s well-known aesthetic research and its less studied ethical concerns. Roger Fry is famous for his defense of Post-Impressionism in England, but the nuances of his theory are often overlooked ; Clive Bell is always associated with Roger Fry, but also seen as second-rank because of his apparently less cohesive theory ; Forster’s modernism is often challenged yet recurrently mentioned as a reference by contemporary authors ; most recent works about Woolf tend to study her social and political ideas and link it with her aesthetic theory. The comparison between their works shows their common ethical and artistic references and their search for new forms of community through art, as well as their ongoing dialogic reflexion. This quest leads them towards Athens, Florence and Paris in search of real or imagined history, but this modern Grand Tour narrative must be undone to open the text to encounters of the Other. The contacts between historical periods, systems of thought and linguistic spheres inspire the arts and their comparison : literature, painting and music borrow ideas and images from one another but at the same time, the comparison points toward a gap in the artistic experience. The reference to the ideal art of music shows, by contrast, that perfect communion with a work of art is impossible. Fry, Bell, Forster and Woolf open up this space in their writing as a gesture towards the other, the reader.
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Julie Chevaux. Éthique et esthétique du Bloomsbury Group : la communauté à l'oeuvre chez Roger Fry, Clive Bell, E.M. Forster et Virginia Woolf. Littératures. Université de la Sorbonne nouvelle - Paris III, 2021. Français. ⟨NNT : 2021PA030010⟩. ⟨tel-03564682⟩

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