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Iconicité de la séquence temporelle en chinois mandarin contemporain

Abstract : Since Haiman (1985), the iconicity of syntax is a hot topic. This subject is particularly important in the case of isolating languages, with reduced morphology, in which the word order is the main marker of syntactic structures, and, is, therefore, at the centre of grammar. Does the word order in a sentence mimic the order of the events one is speaking of or does it reflect the very order of the discourse, or is it arbitrary? In the line of Peirce (1930), Haiman (1980, 1985), Tai (1985), etc., we call ‘temporal iconicity’ the fact that succession in the time, or in the spoken chain, of constituents of a statement mimics the succession of events in a world of reference. We have extended the scope of this ‘temporal iconicity’ from events to processes and hence to the phases that compose them. The objective of this thesis is to try to develop the idea of ‘iconicity of the temporal sequence’ to its very end, starting from a definition of SVC (serial verb construction) as wide as possible to encompass any sequence of verbal constituents without overt connector. In such a way, it becomes possible to extend the study to any sequence of decomposable processes in sub-tracks in the reference world or in sub-events in the discourse world (conditional and temporal protasis-apodosis systems). If the iconicity is everywhere, it is because that the sequential marks (the constituents order), with the informations about the predicates (valence and Aktionsart) encoded in the lexicon, are essential to the functioning of the isolating languages of the type of Chinese, and that these sequential marks obey most often, at least in the case of Chinese, to iconicity.
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Contributor : Lin Xiao <>
Submitted on : Thursday, January 7, 2021 - 12:22:18 AM
Last modification on : Monday, April 19, 2021 - 11:56:01 AM
Long-term archiving on: : Thursday, April 8, 2021 - 6:19:56 PM


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  • HAL Id : tel-03101152, version 1


Lin Xiao. Iconicité de la séquence temporelle en chinois mandarin contemporain. Linguistique. Sorbonne Université, 2018. Français. ⟨tel-03101152⟩



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